The most important risk factors for the development of breast cancer are gender, age, and genetics. Because women can do nothing about these risks, regular screening is recommended in order to allow early detection and thus prevent death from breast cancer. Although breast cancer mostly affects women, males can also get breast cancer. Regular screening tests (along with follow-up tests and treatment, if diagnosed) reduce chances of dying from breast cancer. After all, screening tests can find breast cancer early, when the chances of survival are highest. That’s why Our Breast Cancer Screening Clinic at Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital (Delhi, India) is conducting Free Breast Cancer Screening round the year, so that, more people can have access to these valuable and life saving services. But there are other methods, which you can follow to improve your chances of early detection.
Regular screening includes Breast Self-Examination, clinical breast examination, and mammography.
Step 1 - Begin by looking at your breasts in the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips. Here′s what you should look for:
Step 2 - Now, raise your arms and look for the same changes.
Step 3 - While you′re at the mirror, gently squeeze each nipple between your finger and thumb and check for nipple discharge this could be fluid or Blood.
Step 4 - Next, feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few fingers of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together.
Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast.
Be sure to feel all the breast tissue : just beneath your skin with a soft touch and down deeper with a firmer touch. Begin examining each area with a very soft touch, and then increase pressure so that you can feel the deeper tissue, down to your ribcage
Step 5 - Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Many women find that the easiest way to feel their breasts is when their skin is wet and slippery, so they like to do this step in the shower. Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in Step 4. Also feel for glands in your armpits.
For women of Reproductive age group the best time to do BSE is between 7 -10 days after period starts, when your breasts are least likely to be tender or swollen. If you no longer menstruate, pick a particular day, such as the first Sunday of the month, to remind yourself “it is time to do BSE” Guidelines for Early detection